Minggu, 27 Juni 2010

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (13)

Hey Jude, don’t make it bad. Take a sad song and make it better. – The Beatles, Hey Jude. Bentuk kalimat ‘imperative’ (menyuruh orang lain melakukan suatu tindakan) adalah menggunakan kata kerja bentuk 1 (V-1/simple verb).

Pembahasan 13:
Hey Jude, don’t make it bad.

Ketika kita menyuruh orang lain melakukan suatu tindakan, kita menggunakan V-1. Subject (You, tunggal maupun jamak) tidak perlu disebutkan. Penambahan “please”, di depan atau di belakang kalimat, tidak menambahkan makna khusus kecuali untuk membuat kalimat itu menjadi lebih halus/sopan.

Jawaban BIG 13

1. “Listen to me,” our teacher said one morning.
2. All of us looked at him.
3. “Respect other people, then other people will also respect you,” he said.
4. “It’s strange,” I thought. “Pak Bain has never been so serious this way. There must be something wrong.”

Sabtu, 26 Juni 2010

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (12)

Ketika kita membicarakan tindakan yang sedang berlangsung (in proccess), kita menggunakan continuous tenses. Action (tindakan) yang sedang berlangsung itu mengandung makna ‘sedang dilakukan’.

Pembahasan 12:
What the hell are you doing?

Selasa, 22 Juni 2010

Jawaban BIG 12

1. “I am confused,” said Fifi that afternoon.
2. “Confused? Why are you confused?” I asked.
3. “My father wants me to get married as soon as possible. He wants me to marry the son of his friend,” she said.
4. “Do you know the man?” I asked.
5. “My father’s friend?”

Kamis, 17 Juni 2010

No Smoking

By: Imelda Du’a Raja
Larantuka is a small city in Flores. It is close to the sea. That’s why some young men there are fishermen. They often go sailing to catch some fish. No Fernandez is also a fisherman. He has just bought his own boat.

Selasa, 15 Juni 2010

If A Man Loves A Woman

If a man loves a woman, he will take care of her. If a man takes care of a woman, he will respect her. If a man respects a woman, he will make her happy. If a man makes a woman happy, she will love him too. If a man and a woman love each other, there will be no domestic violence (Ind. KDRT).

In Wolf's Skin

There was a Sheep in the Shepherd's pen. She was sheared late, in the autumn. When the winter set in, the poor sheep started shivering with cold. The Shepherd covered the animal with an old coat made of wolf skin. Dressed in the wolf's coat the Sheep left the pen.

Fox and Robin

A Robin once made her nest on the ground in a bush. There were plenty of insects, so she had no worry to search for food. "Where is the need to build a nest on a branch, when it was well hidden on the ground?" said the Robin. She had forgotten about the cunning Fox.

Senin, 14 Juni 2010

Jawaban BIG (11)

1. Last week, my girl said she didn’t love me anymore. I didn’t know what to say.
2. “Why do you not love me anymore?” I asked.
3. She didn’t answer. She stared at me with no words.
4. Tears dropped from her eyes. She cried.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (11)

I didn’t mean to hurt you. I didn’t want to make you cry. – John Lennon, Jealous Guy.
Setiap kali kita hendak membuat kalimat negatif, selalu kita tambahkan/letakkan ‘not’ di belakang kata kerja bantu (auxiliary verb). Dan perlu selalu diingat bahwa ‘not’ tidak pernah sendirian, maksudnya bahwa kita tidak mengatakan, “I not understand. You not went. She not happy.”

Wrong Toilet

By Peggy Fransisca Agam – Surabaya.
Once, my friend and I were window shopping at Plaza Surabaya. After going around, we intended to go to the rest room. While we were inside the toilet for ladies, two men foreigners entered the same toilet. We were confused whether we entered wrong toilet or the foreigners were illiterate.
Then, we came across what was happening. The foreigners apologized for entering the ladies toilet since they couldn’t help urinating (peeing) while the toilet for men was under repair.Web-Stat


By Erny Mulyosari – Surabaya.
Solidarity is very important in life, but sometimes it can also be very dangerous. When I was in junior high school, five friends and I usually did everything and went everywhere together. One day, our classmate would celebrate her birthday. It was raining hard when I had to go. I took a ‘man-powered’ taxi (becak) and picked up the other five.

Minggu, 13 Juni 2010

Jawaban BIG (10)

1. I write an article every day. I wrote an article yesterday.
2. Ary Amhir always kisses her children every morning. Yesterday morning, she also kissed them before they went to school.
3. I like listening to music. Last night, I listened to The Beatles’ songs.
4. I called you last night, but you weren’t at home.

Jawaban BIG (9)

1. They studied English together last year.
2. He smoked a lot last night.
3. My grandma passed away fifteen years ago.
4. My grandma loved me very much.

Jawaban BIG (8)

1. Izzah was born in Magetan twenty years ago.
2. When he was young, my grandpa was a hard smoker.
3. Winda was 26 years old when her first baby was born.
4. Mariska Lubis was on TV last Saturday night.

Jawaban BIG (7)

1. It’s a pity, she is beautiful but arrogant.
2. It is because she thinks she is rich and smart.
3. It takes me a week to write a poem.
4. It is hard for me to write poems.

Jawaban BIG (6)

1. It is very important to master English.
2. It is a pity, she doesn’t love you.
3. It is interesting (nice) to learn English with Pak David.
4. This dress is very expensive. It costs one million IDR.

Jawaban BIG (5)

Empuss: Does Inge like singing dangdut songs?
Alice: No, she doesn’t. Inge doesn’t like singing dangdut songs.
Empuss: What kind of songs does Inge like singing?
Alice: Inge likes singing kroncong songs.

Jawaban BIG (4)

1. Inge doesn’t like singing dangdut songs. She likes singing keroncong songs.
2. Flora often writes mystery stories. She is a very good writer.
3. Ivonne Widjaja is not Pak David’s sister. Yvonne and Pak David don’t live in the same house.
4. Ivonne doesn’t teach English, but she likes writing English articles.

Jawaban BIG (3)

1. Lintang and Yunika live in Arab, they don’t live in Indonesia.
2. Izzah and Ambar don’t like pizza, they like meat balls.
3. I don’t post any article on Sundays. I usually post an article on Mondays.
4. You don’t know the meaning of ‘henjen genbret’. I know the meaning of that word.

Jawaban BIG (2)

A : Is Winda a doctor?
B : No, she isn’t. Winda isn’t a doctor.
A : What is Winda?
B : Winda is a housewife.. (what)

Jawaban BIG (1)

1. Her name is Winda Krisnadefa, her name is not Windy Solafide.
2. She is a housewife, she is not a doctor.
3. She is not from Bandung, she is from Palembang.
4. She is not in Jogjakarta, she is in Jakarta.

Sabtu, 12 Juni 2010

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (10)

Sering kali simple past tense digunakan untuk ‘membandingkan’ dengan simple present tense.

Pembahasan 10:
Yunika Umar usually gets up at 5 every morning, but this morning she got up at 7.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (9)

Dalam pemakaian bahasa Inggris baik untuk percakapan maupun tulisan, kita tak dapat menghindari menggunakan tenses. Tenses yang paling banyak digunakan dalam pemakaian tersebut adalah simple present dan simple past.
Pembahasan 9:
The judge asked Ijah if she killed her husband.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (8)

Salah satu ‘keunikan’ (dan keindahan) bahasa Inggris adalah tense. Bentuk kata kerja mengalami perubahan berdasarkan tense. Bahasa Indonesia, sebaliknya, tidak mengenal perubahan kata kerja yang demikian ini. Saya pergi ke Bandung sebulan sekali. Saya pergi ke Bandung bulan lalu. Saya akan pergi ke Bandung bulan depan. Kata kerja ‘pergi’ tidak mengalami perubahan bentuk.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (7)

It is a pity you already have a wife. - Tanya Stephens. (Sayang sekali, kamu sudah penya isteri.) Setelah kita membahas 7 penggunaan subject pronoun ‘It’ pekan lalu, kini kita lanjutkan lagi pembahasan kita. Masih tentang subject pronoun ‘It’.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (6)

It is Susno Duaji who starts to expose the case of Gayus Tambunan. Salah satu ‘keindahan’ bahasa Inggris adalah penggunaan kata ganti subyek ‘It’. Kata ganti ‘It’ tidak selalu bisa diterjemahkan menjadi ‘itu’ atau ‘ini’. Untuk menambah pemahaman terhadap pemakaian ‘It’, silahkan simak pembahasan berikut ini.

Pembahasan 6:
It is Susno Duaji who starts to expose the case of Gayus Tambunan

Jumat, 11 Juni 2010

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (5)

Where does Mr. Iskandar Jet work? (Di mana Tn. Iskandar Jet bekerja?) Kemampuan membuat kalimat pertanyaan, khususnya dalam speaking, memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam menggunakan bahasa Inggris. Dalam conversation, pengguna bahasa Inggris juga dituntut untuk bisa bertanya.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (4)

Kita masih membahas mengenai aktifitas yang berulang-ulang yang masih terjadi sampai saat ini, nama tense-nya adalah Simple Present. Pada Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang 3 kita menggunakan Subject They, We, I, You. Kali ini, kita menggunakan Subject He, She dan (It). Are you ready?

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (3)

Tenses. Inilah salah satu perbedaan antara bahasa Inggris dengan bahasa Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia tidak mengenal bentuk tense (kala waktu). Saya pergi ke Jakarta setiap bulan. Sekarang saya sedang pergi ke Jakarta. Bulan lalu saya pergi ke Jakarta. Bulan depan saya akan pergi ke Jakarta. Kata ‘pergi’ tidak mengalami perubahan bentuk.
Bahasa Inggris, sebaliknya, memiliki 12 (atau 16) tenses. Dalam seri Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang, kita tidak akan membahas semua tenses yang ada.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (2)

Kali ini, kita masih memakai profil Winda Krisnadefa sebagai contoh soal. Mari kita memulai pembahasan kita, are you ready?

Pembahasan 2:
Is her name Windy Solafide? What is her name?
Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, kita memindahkan Be ke depan Subject. Bentuk pertanyaan ini biasanya disebut Yes/No question, karena cukup dijawab Yes atau No.
Untuk membuat kalimat pertanyaan yang memerlukan informasi (biasanya disebut Information Question atau WH Question) kita letakkan kata tanya (what, where, why, who, how, …..) di bagian paling depan.

Bahasa Inggris itu Gampang (1)

Beberapa orang merasa bahwa bahasa Inggris mereka masih jelek. Bahkan ada yang menganggap bahwa jika kita memposting suatu artikel dengan menggunakan bahasa Inggris, kita dianggap telah kehilangan rasa nasionalisme kita. Tentu saja tidak demikian. Rasa nasionalisme tidak ada kaitannya dengan belajar bahasa asing. Artinya, seseorang yang tidak bisa berbahasa asing belum tentu memiliki rasa nasionalisme yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan mereka yang bisa, dan begitu sebaliknya.